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Strangers and Foreigners: Trust and Attitudes toward Citizenship

Graziella Bertocchi, Arcangelo Dimico and Gian Luca Tedeschi

CHILD Working Papers Series from Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD) - CCA

Abstract: We analyze the relationship between natives' attitudes towards citizenship acqui- sition for foreigners and trust. Our hypothesis is that, in sub-Saharan Africa, the slave trade represents the deep factor behind contemporary attitudes toward citi- zenship, with more intense exposure to historical slave exports for an individual's ethnic group being associated with contemporary distrust for strangers, and in turn opposition to citizenship laws that favor the inclusion of foreigners. We find that individuals who are more trusting do show more positive attitudes towards the ac- quisition of citizenship at birth for children of foreigners, that these attitudes are also negatively related to the intensity of the slave trade, and that the underlying link between trust and the slave trade is confirmed. Alternative factors - conflict, kinship, and witchcraft beliefs|that, through trust, may affect attitudes toward citizenship, are not generating the same distinctive pattern of linkages emerging from the slave trade.

Keywords: Citizenship; Trust; Slave Trade; Migration; Ethnicity; Conflict; Kinship; Witchcraft. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 44 pages
Date: 2022
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his
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Working Paper: Strangers and Foreigners: Trust and Attitudes toward Citizenship (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Strangers and Foreigners: Trust and Attitudes toward Citizenship (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Strangers and Foreigners: Trust and Attitudes toward Citizenship (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Strangers and Foreigners: Trust and Attitudes toward Citizenship (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Strangers and Foreigners: Trust and Attitudes toward Citizenship (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Strangers and foreigners: Trust and attitudes toward citizenship (2022) Downloads
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