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Does child care availability play a role in maternal employment and children's development? Evidence from Italy

Ylenia Brilli, Daniela Del Boca () and Chiara Pronzato ()

No 13, CHILD Working Papers Series from Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD) - CCA

Abstract: This paper investigates the e ects of public child care availability in Italy in mothers' working status and children's scholastic achievements. We use a newly available dataset containing individual standardized test scores of pupils attending the second grade of primary school in 2009-10 in conjunction with data on public child care availability. Our estimates indicate a positive and signi cant e ects of child care availability on both mothers' working status and children's Language test scores. We nd that a percentage change in public child care coverage increases mothers' probability to work by 1.3 percentage points and children's Language test scores by 0.85 percent of one standard deviation; we do not nd any e ect on Math test scores. Moreover, the impact of a percentage change in public child care on mothers' employment and children's Language test scores is greater in provinces where child care availability is more limited.

Keywords: child care; female employment; child cognitive outcomes; test scores (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 I2 H75 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem and nep-eur
Date: 2013
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Journal Article: Does child care availability play a role in maternal employment and children’s development? Evidence from Italy (2016) Downloads
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