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Surviving the Genocide: The Impact of the Rwandan Genocide on Child Mortality

Federico Ciani and Gianna Claudia Giannelli ()

No 20, CHILD Working Papers Series from Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD) - CCA

Abstract: Between April and July 1994 Rwanda experienced a tremendous wave of inter-ethnic violence that caused at least 500,000 deaths. Combining birth history data drawn from the 2000 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey with prefecture-level information on the intensity of the conflict, we examine the impact of the civil war on infant and child mortality. War exposure is measured exploiting the differential effects of timing of birth and genocide intensity at the household and geographic level. Considering both in utero and postnatal war exposure, we estimate discrete time proportional hazard models of child mortality for the exposed and the unexposed birth cohorts. We find large positive effects of exposure to the conflict on infant and child mortality. Moreover, restricting our sample to the survivors, we find that child mortality is significantly impacted by war exposure, increasing the hazard rate by nearly 6 percentage points on average. This result holds true also for children who were only exposed while in utero. This evidence points to the existence of long-term disruptive effects on the cohorts of children exposed to the violence.

Keywords: genocide; child mortality; child health; survival analysis; Rwanda (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 J13 O12 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
Date: 2013
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-dem, nep-hea and nep-his
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Related works:
Working Paper: Surviving the Genocide: The Impact of the Rwandan Genocide on Child Mortality (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Surviving the genocide: the impact of the Rwandan genocide on child mortality (2011) Downloads
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