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Carbon-sensitive Meta-Productivity Growth and Technological Gap: An Empirical Analysis of Indian Thermal Power Sector

Surender Kumar () and Rakesh Kumar Jain
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Rakesh Kumar Jain: Indian Railways, Government of India & Department of Business Economics, South Campus, University of Delhi

No 297, Working papers from Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics

Abstract: This paper measures carbon-sensitive efficiency and productivity growth in technologically heterogeneous coal-fired thermal power plants in India for the period of 2000 to 2013. It uses a unique data set of 56 plants, obtained petitioning the Right to Information Act 2005. We apply ‘within-MLE’ fixed effects stochastic frontier model to get consistent estimates of meta-directional output distance function. The thermal power plants are grouped in two categories: central sector and state sector. We find that the state sector plants have higher potential to simultaneously increase electricity generation and reduce carbon emission than the central sector plants. If all the state and central sectors plants were made to operate on the meta-frontier, reduction of 98 million tonnes of CO2 could have been achieved. Carbon-sensitive productivity growth in the central sector plants is higher than the plants in state sector, though in both the sectors productivity growth is governed by carbon-sensitive innovation effect. Commercialisation or autonomy in electricity generation also induces carbon-sensitive productivity growth and reduces carbon-sensitive productivity growth gap.

Keywords: Carbon-sensitive productivity; Luenberger productivity indicator; Stochastic meta-frontier; Indian thermal power plants (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C61 D24 Q54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff, nep-ene and nep-env
Date: 2019-03
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