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Utilizing Highway Rest Areas for Electric Vehicle Charging: Economics and Impacts on Renewable Energy Penetration in California

Behdad Kiani, Joan Ogden, F. Alex Sheldon and Lauren Cordano

Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series from Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis

Abstract: California policy is incentivizing rapid adoption of zero emission electric vehicles for light-duty and freight applications. This project explored how locating charging facilities at California’s highway rest stops might impact electricity demand, grid operation, and integration of renewables like solar and wind into California’s energy mix. Assuming a growing population of electric vehicles to meet state goals, state-wide growth of electricity demand was estimated, and the most attractive rest stop locations for siting chargers identified. Using a California-specific electricity dispatch model developed at UC Davis, the project estimated how charging vehicles at these stations would impact renewable energy curtailment in California. It estimated the impacts of charging infrastructures on California’s electricity system and how they can be utilized to decrease the duck curve effect resulting from a large amount of solar energy penetration by 2050. View the NCST Project Webpage

Keywords: Engineering; Electric vehicle charging; Electric vehicles; Intercity travel; Range (Vehicles); Renewable energy sources; Roadside rest areas; Solar power generation; Travel behavior; Travel demand (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-04-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env, nep-reg and nep-tre
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