Matrices of science and technology interactions: implications for development
Leonardo Costa Ribeiro,
Ricardo Machado Ruiz,
Américo Tristão Bernardes and
Eduardo Albuquerque ()
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Leonardo Costa Ribeiro: Cedeplar-UFMG
Ricardo Machado Ruiz: Cedeplar-UFMG
Américo Tristão Bernardes: UFOP
Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG from Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Scientific and other non-patent references (NPRs) in patents are important tools to analyze interactions between science and technology. This paper organizes a database with 514,894 USPTO patents granted globally in 1974, 1982, 1990, 1998 and 2006. There are 165,762 patents with at least one reference to science and engineering (S&E) literature, and there are 1,375,503 references. In 2006 there are 83 countries with USPTO patent citing S&E literature. Through a lexical analysis 71.1% of this S&E literature is classified by S&E fields. These data underscore the elaboration of global and national tri-dimensional matrices (by OST technological domains, ISI science and engineering fields and number of references). Descriptive statistics investigate how science and technology linkages differ over time across countries and across levels of development. This paper highlights how the existence (or not) of a pattern of structured growth differentiates mature and immature systems of innovation.
Keywords: science and technology linkages; stages of economic development; systems of innovation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O O3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ino, nep-ipr, nep-pr~ and nep-knm
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