Unveiling Global Innovation Networks
Leonardo Costa Ribeiro,
Ricardo Machado Ruiz,
Américo Tristão Bernardes and
Eduardo Albuquerque ()
Additional contact information
Leonardo Costa Ribeiro: INPI
Glenda Kruss: HSRC South Africa
Ricardo Machado Ruiz: Cedeplar-UFMG
Américo Tristão Bernardes: UFOP
No 463, Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG from Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
The role of multinational enterprises in the internationalization of production has been recognized and studied from several points of view. We believe that multinational firms have a similar role in shaping flows of knowledge, technology, and scientific research. Therefore, multinational firms, science and technology could be linked in a way that allows us to identify Global Innovation Networks (GIN), another and important feature of the internationalization of capital. The goal of this paper is to develop a methodology to identify GINs, based on previous work on patents and their citations of scientific papers, which was adapted to track GINs. That is, the main indicators measure interactions between firms and universities. We argue that the links between patenting firms and the authors of cited papers establish connections that allow the identification of several types of GINs. A case study of IBM is presented in this paper, as a well-known leading patent firm with several papers cited in its patents. It may provide an excellent case to demonstrate how the selected indicators describe the knowledge flows between firms and research institutions. The conclusion shows that other GINs can be identified applying the same methodology.
Keywords: multinational firms, complex networks; diffusion; patents; innovation; technological change (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 23 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-cwa, nep-ino, nep-ipr, nep-pr~, nep-knm and nep-net
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Published in Scientometrics (Print), v. 101, p. 61-83, 2014.
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