A transição demográfica e a desigualdade entre os países
Fausto Brito and
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Fausto Brito: Cedeplar/UFMG
Pedro Amaral: Cedeplar/UFMG
No 625, Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG from Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
One of the biggest concerns of demographers, economists, and other social scientists after World War II was the acceleration of population growth in the less developed countries. Currently, their concern is no longer about a possible demographic explosion, but about the consequences of low population growth on age structure, especially the aging of the population. The purpose of this paper is to show how the demographic transition has taken place unevenly across countries from a broad set of variables for 198 countries with data available in the Prospects 2017 of the United Nations Population Division for the 1950s. to 2060. We construct a Demographic Transition Index based on Principal Component Analysis, which will allow an intertemporal analysis of the transition evolution of different countries. The results show the inequality in the demographic transition between countries and the consequences on the growth and distribution of world population.
Keywords: demographic transition; demographic transition index; inequality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 21 pages
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cdp:texdis:td625
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