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Economic and CO2 mitigation impacts of promoting biomass heating systems: an input-output study for Vorarlberg, Austria

Reinhard Madlener () and Martin Koller

No 06-50, CEPE Working paper series from CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich

Abstract: This paper reports on an empirical investigation about the economic and CO2 mitigation impacts of bioenergy promotion in the Austrian federal province of Vorarlberg. We study domestic value added, employment and fiscal effects by means of a static input-output analysis. The bioenergy systems analysed comprise biomass district heating, pellet heating, automated wood chips heating systems, logwood stoves and boilers, ceramic stoves, and buffer storage facilities. The results indicate that gross economic effects are significant, both regarding investment and operation of the systems, and that the negative economic effects caused by the displacement of decentralised systems might be in the order of 20--40%. Finally, CO2 mitigation effects are substantial, contributing already in 2004 around 35% of the 2010 CO2 mitigation target of the Land Vorarlberg for all renewables set for 2010.

Keywords: Input-output analysis; Value added; Employment; Bioenergy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 30 pages
Date: 2006-09
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Journal Article: Economic and CO2 mitigation impacts of promoting biomass heating systems: An input-output study for Vorarlberg, Austria (2007) Downloads
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