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Place of Work and Place of Residence: Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes

Giorgio Topa (), Stephen Ross () and Patrick Bayer

Working Papers from U.S. Census Bureau, Center for Economic Studies

Abstract: We use a novel dataset and research design to empirically detect the effect of social interactions among neighbors on labor market outcomes. Specifically, using Census data that characterize residential and employment locations down to the city block, we examine whether individuals residing in the same block are more likely to work together than those in nearby blocks. We find evidence of significant social interactions operating at the block level: residing on the same versus nearby blocks increases the probability of working together by over 33 percent. The results also indicate that this referral effect is stronger when individuals are similar in sociodemographic characteristics (e.g., both have children of similar ages) and when at least one individual is well attached to the labor market. These findings are robust across various specifications intended to address concerns related to sorting and reverse causation. Further, having determined the characteristics of a pair of individuals that lead to an especially strong referral effect, we provide evidence that the increased availability of neighborhood referrals has a significant impact on a wide range of labor market outcomes including employment and wages.

Keywords: Neighborhood Effects; Job Referrals; Social Interactions; Informal Hiring Networks; Labor Market Outcomes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J18 J22 J24 J31 R0 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab, nep-soc and nep-ure
Date: 2005-10
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (35) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www2.census.gov/ces/wp/2005/CES-WP-05-23.pdf First version, 2005 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Place of Work and Place of Residence: Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Place of Work and Place of Residence: Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Place of Work and Place of Residence: Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Place of Work and Place of Residence: Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Place of Work and Place of Residence: Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Place of Work and Place of Residence: Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Place of Work and Place of Residence: Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes (2004) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cen:wpaper:05-23

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