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The Role of Retail Chains: National, Regional, and Industry Results

Ron Jarmin (), Shawn Klimek () and Javier Miranda

Working Papers from U.S. Census Bureau, Center for Economic Studies

Abstract: We use the establishment level data in the Longitudinal Business Database to measure changes in market structure in the U.S. Retail Trade sector during the period, 1976 to 2000. We use firm ownership information to construct measures of firm entry and exit and also to categorize four types of retail firms: single location, and local, regional, and national chains. We use detailed location data to examine market structure in both national and county markets. We summarize the county level results into three groups: metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural. We find that retail activity is increasingly occurring at establishments owned by chain firms, especially large national chains. On average, we find that all types of retail firms are increasing in size during the period. We also find that larger markets experience more firm turnover. Finally, we see that entry and exit rates vary across two-digit retail industries.

Keywords: retail trade; chain store; dynamics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L11 L81 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-com, nep-ent and nep-geo
Date: 2005-12
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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https://www2.census.gov/ces/wp/2005/CES-WP-05-30.pdf First version, 2005 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Chapter: The Role of Retail Chains: National, Regional and Industry Results (2009) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cen:wpaper:05-30

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