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Local Human Capital and Its Impact on Local Employment Chances in Britain

Ioannis Kaplanis ()

SERC Discussion Papers from Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE

Abstract: This paper examines how high human capital in a locality is associated with the employment outcomes of individuals. A probit model is used to examine how the employment probability of otherwise similar working age males is associated with changes in the share of degree holders in the local area. Different econometric specifications are employed in order to shed light on the positive effect found and its possible causes. The paper discusses three main accounts, referring to the consumption demand, productivity spillovers and production complementarities. For Britain, it is found that the share of high skill residents in a locality has a strong positive impact on the local employment chances of men with no qualifications. The effect on the local employment chances of the other educational groups is either insignificant or significant negative. These results are consistent with the consumer demand hypothesis that the presence of high educated, high income individuals in a locality boosts the demand for local low skill services. On the other hand, when the share of skilled workers is used, the results hint on possible simultaneous effect of production complementarities and productivity spillovers. However, the analysis points to the existing limitations of successfully isolating the consumption demand and the production function mechanisms and calls for further research.

Keywords: local labour markets; employment; consumer demand; human capital externalities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J21 J24 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hrm, nep-lab and nep-ure
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (15) Track citations by RSS feed

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