Land Use Regulation and Productivity - Land Matters: Evidence from a UK Supermarket Chain
Paul Cheshire (),
Christian Hilber () and
Ioannis Kaplanis ()
SERC Discussion Papers from Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE
We use store-specific data for a UK supermarket chain to estimate the impact of planning on store output. Exploiting the variation in policies between England and other UK countries, we isolate the impact of Town Centre First (TCF) policies introduced in England. We find they directly reduced output by forcing stores onto less productive sites. We estimate TCF policies imposed a loss of output of 32 percent on a representative store opening after their rigorous implementation in 1996. Additionally, we show that, household numbers constant, more restrictive local authorities have fewer stores and lower chain sales within their areas.
Keywords: retail productivity; land use regulation; Town Centre First; local regulatory constraints (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D2 L51 L81 R32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-eff and nep-ure
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Journal Article: Land use regulation and productivity—land matters: evidence from a UK supermarket chain (2015)
Working Paper: Land use regulation and productivity - Land matters: Evidence from a UK Supermarket chain (2012)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cep:sercdp:0138
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