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Intra-household inequality and adult material deprivation in Europe

Tania Burchardt and Eleni Karagiannaki

CASE Papers from Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE

Abstract: In most research on living standards, material deprivation is measured using household-level material deprivation indicators. However, if resources are not shared equally within households, conventional material deprivation indicators may mask important variations in individual living standards. In this paper we make use of individual adult-level deprivation data included in the 2014 European Union Statistics on Incomes and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) ad-hoc material deprivation module to examine the implications of intra-household inequality for material deprivation measurement. Results from a series of regression models which examine how adult deprivation indicators vary by various household and individual characteristics suggest that the share of total household income brought in by an individual (our proxy of individuals' bargaining power within households) has a significant negative effect on the individual's deprivation risk in most countries, pointing to the incomplete sharing of household resources.

Keywords: deprivation; intra-household inequality; multi-family households (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D13 D31 I31 I32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur
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