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How Did EU Membership of Eastern Europe Affect Student Achievement?

Annika B. Bergbauer and Annika Barbara Bergbauer ()

No 299, ifo Working Paper Series from ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich

Abstract: The accession of Eastern European countries to the European Union increased family wealth and the returns to schooling. I analyze the change in student achievement due to the EU accession of Eastern Europe building on a panel of six PISA waves covering more than 1 million students in 32 countries. Using a difference-in-differences approach I find a positive and statistically significant link of EU membership to reading scores by one decile of a standard deviation. Mediation analysis suggests school efficiency, family wealth, and family structure as key transmitters of EU membership to student achievement.

Keywords: European Union; student achievement; PISA (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I28 H52 L15 D82 P50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur and nep-tra
Date: 2019
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