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Mechanism Design with Blockchain Enforcement

Hitoshi Matsushima and Shunya Noda
Additional contact information
Shunya Noda: Vancouver School of Economics, University of British Columbia

No CARF-F-474, CARF F-Series from Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo

Abstract: We study the design of self-enforcing mechanisms that rely on neither a trusted third party (e.g., court, trusted mechanism designer) nor a long-term relationship. Instead, we use a smart contract written on blockchains as a commitment device. We design the digital court, a smart contract that identifies and punishes agents who reneged on the agreement. The digital court substitutes the role of legal enforcement in the traditional mechanism design paradigm. We show that, any agreement that is implementable with legal enforcement can also be implemented with enforcement by the digital court. To pursue a desirable design of the digital court, we study a way to leverage truthful reports made by a small fraction of behavioral agents. Our digital court has a unique equilibrium as long as there is a positive fraction of behavioral agents, and it gives correct judgment in the equilibrium if honest agents are more likely to exist than dishonest agents. The platform for smart contracts is already ready in 2020; thus, self-enforcing mechanisms proposed in this paper can be used practically, even now. As our digital court can be used for implementing general agreements, it does not leak the detailed information about the agreement even if it is deployed on a public blockchain (e.g., Ethereum) as a smart contract.

Pages: 45
Date: 2020-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-des
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Related works:
Working Paper: Mechanism Design with Blockchain Enforcement (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Mechanism Design with Blockchain Enforcement (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Mechanism Design with Blockchain Enforcement (2020) Downloads
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