EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Ethnic Geography: Measurement and Evidence

Roland Hodler, Michele Valsecchi () and Alberto Vesperoni ()

No w0253, Working Papers from Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR)

Abstract: The effects of ethnic geography, i.e., the distribution of ethnic groups across space, on economic, political and social outcomes are not well understood. We develop a novel index of ethnic segregation that takes both ethnic and spatial distances between individuals into account. Importantly, we can decompose this index into indices of spatial dispersion, generalized ethnic fractionalization, and the alignment of spatial and ethnic distances. We use ethnographic maps, spatially disaggregated population data, and language trees to compute these four indices for around 160 countries. We apply these indices to study the relation between ethnic geography and current economic, political and social outcomes. We document that country level quality of government, income and trust increase with the alignment component of segregation, i.e., with the ratio between the country's actual segregation and the segregation it would have if ethnic groups were represented in each location with population shares identical to their country-level population share. Hence, all else equal, countries where ethnically diverse individuals live farther apart tend to perform better.

Keywords: Ethnic diversity; ethnic geography; segregation; fractionalization; quality of government; economic development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C43 D63 O10 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 64 pages
Date: 2019-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-evo and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.cefir.ru/papers/WP253.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Ethnic Geography: Measurement and Evidence (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Ethnic Geography: Measurement and Evidence (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Ethnic Geography: Measurement and Evidence (2017) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cfr:cefirw:w0253

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Julia Babich ().

 
Page updated 2020-11-24
Handle: RePEc:cfr:cefirw:w0253