Fiscal Policy, Inequality, and the Ethnic Divide in Guatemala - Working Paper 397
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Nora Lustig ()
No 397, Working Papers from Center for Global Development
Guatemala is one of the most unequal countries in Latin America and has the highest incidence of poverty. The indigenous population is more than twice as likely to be poor than the nonindigenous group. Fiscal incidence analysis based on the 2009-2010 National Survey of Family Income and Expenditures shows that taxes and transfers do almost nothing to reduce inequality and poverty overall or along ethnic and rural-urban lines. Persistently low tax revenues are the main limiting factor. Tax revenues are not only low but also regressive. Consumption taxes are regressive enough to offset the benefits of cash transfers: poverty after taxes and cash transfers is higher than market income poverty.
Keywords: inequality; poverty; ethnic divide; fiscal incidence; taxes; social spending; Guatemala (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 H22 I14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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