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Gibrat’s Law and the British Industrial Revolution

Alexander Klein and Tim Leunig ()
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Alexander Klein: University of Kent

CAGE Online Working Paper Series from Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE)

Abstract: This paper examines Gibrat’s law in England and Wales between 1801 and 1911using a unique data set covering the entire settlement size distribution.We find that Gibrat’s law broadly holds even in the face of population doubling every fifty years,an industrial and transportrevolution, and the absence of zoning laws to constrain growth. The result is strongest for the later period, and in counties most affected by the industrial revolution. The exception were villages in areas bypassed by the industrial revolution.We argue that agglomeration externalities balanced urban disamenities such as commuting costs and poor living conditions to ensure steady growth of many places, rather than exceptional growth of few.

Keywords: Gibrat’s law; city-size distribution; industrial revolution (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo, nep-gro, nep-his, nep-sbm and nep-ure
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http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/resear ... ations/146-klein.pdf

Related works:
Working Paper: Gibrat’s law and the British industrial revolution (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Gibrat's Law and the British Industrial Revolution (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Gibrat's Law and the British industrial revolution (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Gibrat's law and the British Industrial Revolution (2013) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cge:wacage:146

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