Pre-Colonial Warfare and Long-Run Development in India
Mark Dincecco (),
James Fenske (),
Anil Menon and
Additional contact information
Anil Menon: University of Michigan
Shivaji Mukherjee: University of Toronto
CAGE Online Working Paper Series from Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE)
We analyze the relationship between pre-colonial warfare and long-run development patterns in India. We construct a new, geocoded database of historical conflicts on the Indian subcontinent, from which we compute measures of local exposure to pre-colonial warfare. We document a positive and significant relationship between pre-colonial conflict exposure and local economic development across India today. The main results are robust to numerous checks, including controls for geographic endowments, initial state capacity, colonial-era institutions, ethnic fractionalization, and colonial and post-colonial conflict, and an instrumental variables strategy that exploits variation in pre-colonial conflict exposure driven by the cost distance to the Khyber Pass. Using rich archival and secondary data, we show that early state-making and fiscal development, greater political stability, and basic public goods investments are channels through which pre-colonial warfare has influenced local economic development.
Keywords: JEL; Classification: (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-gro, nep-his and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/c ... /426-2019_fenske.pdf
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cge:wacage:426
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in CAGE Online Working Paper Series from Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Jane Snape ().