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Employer-Supported Training in Canada and Its Impact on Mobility and Wages

Daniel Parent ()

CIRANO Working Papers from CIRANO

Abstract: Using information on job histories and on two training questions contained in Statistics Canada's Follow-Up to the School Leavers Survey, this paper seeks to answer three basic questions: 1) wWhat are the characteristics of the trainees?; 2) Does the receipt of employer-supported training cause an increase in the wage paid to those young workers?; and 3) Does it improve the degree of job attachment?; I find that more educated young people are somewhat more likely to be trained than high school dropouts although there is strong evidence of selectivity as employers clearly seem to support training for those that have the most ²favorable'' characteristics. Also, controlling for unobserved individual characteristics, I find that training has a sizeable wage impact for men while the effect is much more modest for women. Finally, results using Chamberlain(1985)'s fixed-effects hazard model show that the conditional probability of the employment relationship being terminated decreases substantially for trainees, which is consistent with the notion that the skills learned by trainees may have a sizeable firm-specific component. Cet article cherche à exploiter l'information sur la formation et les profils d'emploi contenue dans «Le suivi de l'enquête sur les sortants» de Statistique Canada afin de répondre aux trois questions suivantes: 1) quelles sont les caractéristiques des employés formés?; 2) les salaires de ces employés s'en trouvent-ils augmentés?; et 3) est-ce que la formation accentue la persistance de la relation d'emploi?. Je trouve que les travailleurs plus scolarisés sont plus susceptibles d'être formés que les décrocheurs à l'école secondaire, bien qu'il semble clair que les employeurs sélectionnent davantage ceux qui ont des attributs plus favorables. De plus, la formation contribue de façon significative à la croissance salariale des hommes, mais relativement peu à celle des femmes. Finalement, en utilisant un modèle de durée à effets fixes proposé par Chamberlain (1985), je montre que la probabilité conditionnelle que la relation d'emploi se termine est sensiblement réduite pour ceux qui ont été formés, ce qui est cohérent avec l'idée qu'une part des habiletés acquise par le biais de la formation est de nature spécifique à la firme.

Keywords: training; panel data; formation; données longitudinales (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2002-04-01
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2002s-27