EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Prison Rehabilitation Programs: Efficiency and Targeting

William Arbour, Guy Lacroix () and Steeve Marchand ()

CIRANO Working Papers from CIRANO

Abstract: Increasing evidence suggests that incarceration, under certain circumstances, can improve inmates’ social reintegration upon release. Yet, the mechanisms through which incarceration can lead to successful rehabilitation remain largely unknown. This paper finds that participation in social rehabilitation programs while incarcerated can significantly reduce recidivism. This result is entirely driven by inmates whose risk and needs were evaluated by a widely used assessment tool identifying their criminogenic needs. For this group, we estimate that participation in these programs reduces recidivism by about 9 percentage points within three years following release. Our results suggest targeting criminogenic needs is crucial for successful rehabilitation. We also find considerable heterogeneous program treatment effects: inmates with a high overall risk score, or who exhibit procriminal attitudes, benefit little if at all from program participation. We investigate the stability of the treatment effect coefficients and conclude they unlikely suffer from an omitted variable bias.

Keywords: Incarceration; Recidivism; Rehabilitation Programs; Risk Assessment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-01-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-law
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2021s-01.pdf

Related works:
Working Paper: Prison Rehabilitation Programs: Efficiency and Targeting (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Prison Rehabilitation Programs: Efficiency and Targeting (2021) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cir:cirwor:2021s-01

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in CIRANO Working Papers from CIRANO Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Webmaster ().

 
Page updated 2022-09-07
Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2021s-01