EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Time Series Decomposition and Measurement of Business Cycles, Trends and Growth Cycles

Victor Zarnowitz () and Ataman Ozyildirim ()
Additional contact information
Victor Zarnowitz: The Conference Board

No 01-03, Economics Program Working Papers from The Conference Board, Economics Program

Abstract: A study of business cycles defined as sequences of expansions and contractions in the level of general economic activity does not require trend estimation and elimination, but a study of growth cycles defined as sequences of high and low growth phases does. Major cyclical slowdowns and booms deserve to be analyzed along with classical recessions and expansions, but the needed time series decomposition presents difficult problems, mainly because trends and cycles influence each other. We compare cyclical movements in levels, deviations from trend, and smoothed growth rates of the principal measures of aggregate economic activity – the quarterly real GDP and the monthly U.S. Coincident Index – using the phase average trend (PAT). Then we compare alternative trend estimates, deterministic and stochastic, linear and nonlinear, and the corresponding estimates of “cyclical components,” that is, series of deviations from these trends. We discuss how these measures differ in terms of the patterns, timing, amplitudes, and smoothness of the resulting estimates of U.S. growth cycles in the post-World War II period. The results of PAT show great similarity to the results obtained with the H-P and band-pass filtering methods, but in matters of detail PAT is often superior.

Keywords: Time series decomposition; Indicators; Business cycles; Trends (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E32 N10 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 50 pages
Date: 2001-12
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 53, No. 7, October 2006, pages 1717-1739.

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.conference-board.org/economics/workingpapers.cfm?pdf=E-0008-01-WP First version, 2001 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Time series decomposition and measurement of business cycles, trends and growth cycles (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Time Series Decomposition and Measurement of Business Cycles, Trends and Growth Cycles (2002) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cnf:wpaper:0103

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Economics Program Working Papers from The Conference Board, Economics Program Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by A Ozyildirim ().

 
Page updated 2020-04-05
Handle: RePEc:cnf:wpaper:0103