EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

What determines entrepreneurial clusters?

Luigi Guiso and Fabiano Schivardi

Working Paper CRENoS from Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia

Abstract: We contrast two potential explanations of the substantial differences in entrepreneurial activity observed across geographical areas - entry costs and external effects. We extend the Lucas model of entrepreneurship to allow for heterogeneous entry costs and for externalities that shift the distribution of entrepreneurial talents. We show that these assumptions have opposite predictions on the relation between entrepreneurial activity and firm level TFP - with different entry costs, in areas with more entrepreneurs firms' average productivity should be lower and vice versa. We test these implications on a sample of Italian firms and unambiguously reject the entry costs explanation in favor of the externalities one. We also investigate the sources of external effects, finding robust evidence that learning externalities are an important determinant of cross-sectional differences in entrepreneurial activity

Keywords: entrepreneurship; clustering; agglomeration economies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D24 D62 J23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2006
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-com, nep-cse, nep-eec, nep-ent, nep-hrm, nep-tid and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (13)

Downloads: (external link)
https://crenos.unica.it/crenos/node/248
https://crenos.unica.it/crenos/sites/default/files/wp/06-16.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: WHAT DETERMINES ENTREPRENEURIAL CLUSTERS? (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: What determines entrepreneurial clusters? (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: What determines entrepreneurial clusters? (2007) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cns:cnscwp:200616

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Paper CRENoS from Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by CRENoS ().

 
Page updated 2024-06-12
Handle: RePEc:cns:cnscwp:200616