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An Institutional Analysis of Voter Turnout: The Role of Primary Type and the Expressive and Instrumental Voting Hypotheses

Peter Calcagno () and Christopher Westley
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Christopher Westley: Jacksonville State University

No 1, Working Papers from Department of Economics and Finance, College of Charleston

Abstract: Recent events highlight primary type as an institutional variable that merits further examination in the economics literature on voter turnout. Using panel data for U.S. gubernatorial elections and treating primary type as a proxy for candidate deviation from the median voter, we test whether primary type changes voter turnout and whether that change is dominated by instrumental or expressive voting. The results show that states with more open primaries tend to have greater voter turnout in general elections and that this increase reflects the effect of open primaries on expressive voting.

Keywords: voter turnout; voting hypotheses; voting (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 H11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 36 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm and nep-pol
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Journal Article: An institutional analysis of voter turnout: the role of primary type and the expressive and instrumental voting hypotheses (2008) Downloads
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