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Anti-Poverty Programs and Presidential Election Outcomes: Familias en Acción in Colombia

Oskar Nupia

No 8743, Documentos CEDE from Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE

Abstract: Using a comprehensive data set for Colombian municipalities between 2002 and 2010, in this paper we study the effects of large anti-poverty programs on presidential election outcomes. In particular, we test for two of the main assumptions on voters´ behavior adopted by the political economics literature. First, we examine whether the incumbent governing coalition has been politically rewarded due to the expansion exhibited by the program during the last decade. Second, we test whether voters have been willing to tradeoff their ideological attachments in exchange of a higher level of income - obtained through the cash transfer payments provided by the program. Our estimates correct for potential simultaneity problems previously identified by the literature in this field. Our results provide empirical support for both hypotheses and open the discussion on how to prevent the use of large anti-poverty programs for political purposes.

Keywords: voting; presidential elections; anti-poverty programs; electoral rewards; Colombia. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 H53 O54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 32
Date: 2011-03-21
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-lam and nep-pol
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (19)

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:col:000089:008743

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