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Estimating Production Functions in Differentiated-Product Industries with Quantity Information and External Instruments

Nicolás de Roux (), Marcela Eslava (), Santiago Franco () and Eric Verhoogen ()

Documentos CEDE from Universidad de los Andes - CEDE

Abstract: This paper develops a new method for estimating production-function parameters that can be applied in differentiated-product industries with endogenous quality and variety choice. We take advantage of data on physical quantities of outputs and inputs from the Colombian manufacturing survey, focusing on producers of rubber and plastic products. Assuming constant elasticities of substitution of outputs and inputs within fi rms, we aggregate from the fi rm-product to the firm level and show how quality and variety choices may bias standard estimators. Using real exchange rates and variation in the "bite" of the national minimum wage, we construct external instruments for materials and labor choices. We implement a simple two-step instrumental-variables method, fi rst estimating a difference equation to recover the materials and labor coeffcients and then estimating a levels equation to recover the capital coeffcient. Under the assumption that the instruments are uncorrelated with fi rms' quality and variety choices, this method yields consistent estimates, free of the quality and variety biases we have identif ed. Our point estimates differ from those of existing methods and changes in our preferred productivity estimator perform relatively well in predicting future export growth.

Keywords: production-function estimation; quality; variety; external instruments (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L1 D24 O14 L65 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 94
Date: 2021-01-26
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff and nep-tid
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https://repositorio.uniandes.edu.co/handle/1992/48081

Related works:
Working Paper: Estimating Production Functions in Differentiated-Product Industries with Quantity Information and External Instruments (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Estimating Production Functions in Differentiated-Product Industries with Quantity Information and External Instruments (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Estimating Production Functions in Differentiated-Product Industries with Quantity Information and External Instruments (2020) Downloads
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