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Fertility and schooling: how this relation changed between 1995 and 2005 in Colombia

Luis Gamboa () and Nohora Forero Ramírez ()

Documentos de Trabajo from Universidad del Rosario

Abstract: We test the existence of changes in the relationship between fertility and schoolingin Colombia for women from 30 to 40 years old between 1995 and 2005. For ourpurpose, we use Poisson Regression Models. Our database is the Demographic andHealth Survey from 1995 and 2005. We found a reduction in the fertility during thisperiod and an increase in the educative level of the population. According to ourresults the total number of children a woman has, keeps an inverse relationship withher educative level, which may be explained by the effects of education on theknowledge of the fertility. We also find that the effect of an additional year ofeducation in 1995 is higher than 2005. Besides, we also find that there are significantrural-urban differences in the determinants on fertility for Colombia´s women in thelast decade.***En este trabajo se pretende evaluar la existencia de cambios en la relación entrefecundidad y escolaridad en Colombia para mujeres de 30 a 40 años de edad entre1995 y 2005. Para tal efecto se utilizan modelos de Poisson sobre la EncuestaNacional de Demografía y Salud 1995 y 2005. Se encuentra una reducción en lafecundidad durante el periodo y su relación inversa con la escolaridad, que puede serexplicada por el efecto de la educación sobre otras variables como el incremento enel conocimiento sobre los programas de control natal. Se encuentra además que elefecto de un año adicional de educación sobre la fecundidad es mayor en 1995 queen 2005. De otro lado, se encuentra que las diferencias entre zonas urbanas y ruralesson significativas en la explicación de la fecundidad en Colombia durante la últimadécada.

Keywords: Fertility; Schooling; Colombia; Poisson Regression Model; Protogenetic Interval (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I22 J13 C25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-hap, nep-lab and nep-lam
Date: 2008-06-04
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:col:000092:004711

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