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Inequality of opportunity in educational achievement in Latin America: evidence from PISA 2006-2009

Luis Gamboa () and Fábio Waltenberg ()

Documentos de Trabajo from Universidad del Rosario

Abstract: We assess inequality of opportunity in educational achievement in six Latin American countries, employing two waves of PISA data (2006 and 2009). By means of a non-parametric approach using a decomposable inequality index, GE(0), we rank countries according to their degree of inequality of opportunity. We work with alternative characterizations of types: school type (public or private), gender, parental education, and combinations of those variables. We calculate "incremental contributions" of each set of circumstances to inequality. We provide rankings of countries based on unconditional inequalities (using conventional indices) and on conditional inequalities (EOp indices), and the two sets of rankings do not always coincide. Inequality of opportunities range from less than 1% to up to 27%, with substantial heterogeneity according to the year, the country, the subject and the specificication of circumstances. Robustness checks based on bootstrap and the use of an alternative index confirm most of the initial results.

Keywords: Inequality of Opportunity; economics of education; Latin America (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 I24 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu and nep-lab
Date: 2011-08-15
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Working Paper: Inequality of opportunity in educational achievement in Latin America: Evidence from PISA 2006-2009 (2011) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:col:000092:008895

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