Job creation in Colombia vs the U.S.: â€œup or out dynamicsâ€ meets â€œthe life cycle of plantsâ€
Marcela Eslava (),
John Haltiwanger and
Alvaro Pinzón ()
Documentos de Trabajo LACEA from The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA
There is growing consensus that a key difference between the U.S. and developing economies is that the latter exhibit slower employment growth over the life cycle of the average business. At the same time, the rapid post entry growth in the U.S. is driven by an "up or out dynamic". We track manufacturing establishments in Colombia vs. the US and find that slower average life cycle growth in Colombia is driven by a less enthusiastic contribution of extraordinary growth plants and less dynamic selection of young underperforming plants. As a consequence, the size distribution of non-micro plants exhibits more concentration in small-old plants in Colombia, both in unweighted and employment-weighted bases. These findings point to a shortage of high-growth entrepreneurship and a relatively high likelihood of long-run survival for small, likely unproductive plants, as two key elements at the heart of the development problem. An extreme concentration of resources in micro plants is the other distinguishing feature of the Colombian manufacturing sector vis a vis the US.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship; SMEs; employment growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O14 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ent, nep-sbm and nep-tid
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://vox.lacea.org/files/Working_Papers/lacea_wp ... ltiwanger_pinzon.pdf
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:col:000518:017143
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Documentos de Trabajo LACEA from The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA
Bibliographic data for series maintained by LACEA ( this e-mail address is bad, please contact ).