Upgrading irrigation infrastructure in the Murray Darling Basin: is it worth it?
Glyn Wittwer and
Janine Dixon ()
Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers from Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre
Infrastructure upgrades appear superficially to be a politically acceptable way of increasing environmental flows in the Murray-Darling Basin. From an economic perspective, their costs and benefits should be compared with other policy instruments. We do so using TERM-H2O, a dynamic regional CGE model with considerable basin detail. Voluntary and fully compensated buybacks are much less costly than upgrades as a means of obtaining a target volume of environmental water. Even during drought, when highly secure water created by infrastructure upgrades is more valuable, the upgrades remain too costly. As an instrument of regional economic management, infrastructure upgrades are inferior to public spending on health, education and other services in the basin. For each job created from upgrades, the money spent on services could create between three and four jobs in the basin.
Keywords: CGE modelling; water buybacks; regional economies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C54 Q11 Q15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published in 'Effective use of public funding in the Murray-Darling Basin: a comparison of buybacks and infrastructure upgrades', Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 57(2):399-421, July 2013. DOI: 10.1111/1467-8489.12001
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