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Optimal education and pensions in an endogenous growth model

Elena Del Rey () and Miguel-Angel Lopez-Garcia ()

No 2009079, CORE Discussion Papers from Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE)

Abstract: It is well known that, in OLG economies with life-cycle saving and exogenous growth, competitive equilibria will in general fail to achieve optimality and may even be dynamically inefficient. This is a consequence of individuals accumulating amounts of physical capital that differ from the level which would maximize welfare along a balanced growth path (the Golden Rule). With human capital, a second potential source of departure from optimality arises, to wit: individuals may not choose the correct amount of education investment. However, the Golden Rule concept, widely used in exogenous growth frameworks, has not found its way into endogenous growth models. In this paper, we propose to recover the Golden Rule of physical and also human capital accumulation. The optimal policy to decentralize the Golden Rule balanced growth path when there are no constraints for individuals to finance their education investments is also characterized. It is shown that it involves positive pensions and negative education subsidies (i.e., taxes)

Keywords: endogenous growth; human capital; intergenerational transfers; education policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D90 H21 H52 H55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009-12-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-edu, nep-fdg and nep-hrm
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Journal Article: Optimal education and pensions in an endogenous growth model (2013) Downloads
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