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Bank Funding, SME lending and Risk Taking

Sander Lammers (), Massimo Giuliodori, Robert Schmitz and Adam Elbourne ()
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Sander Lammers: CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis
Massimo Giuliodori: UVA
Adam Elbourne: CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis

No 447, CPB Discussion Paper from CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis

Abstract: European companies heavily rely on bank credit to finance their operations and investments. Therefore, it is crucial for banks to take risks on corporate loans, although excessive risk-taking can have negative consequences for banks. There are indications in the literature that the financing structure used by banks plays a role in determining the risks they take. However, the economic literature does not provide clear consensus on how different elements of a bank's financing structure are related to risk. In this exploratory study, we investigated this relationship specifically focusing on corporate loans. This contributes to a better understanding of which companies receive funding and how a bank's financing structure itself can become a risk, particularly when riskier companies face bankruptcy. The financing structure of banks primarily consists of equity (capital buffer), deposits (savings from households and businesses), market financing (funds raised from international investors), and interbank loans (loans between banks, including central bank loans). We analyzed the extent to which these individual financing elements contribute to the risks banks take on loans to companies.

JEL-codes: E52 G21 G32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-cfn, nep-eec, nep-fmk and nep-rmg
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cpb:discus:447

DOI: 10.34932/868h-xy80

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