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The impact of TFP growth on the unemployment rate: does on-the-job training matter?

Eva Moreno-Galbis
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Eva Moreno Galbis

No 1207, CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) from CEPREMAP

Abstract: This paper seeks to gain insights into the relationship between growth and unemployment in a setting with heterogeneous skills, human capital accumulation, on-the-job training and capital-skill complementarity. We use an endogenous job destruction framework in the style of Mortensen and Pissarides (1998) with directed search. We show that, when growth accelerates, a larger share of unskilled workers seeks training, increasing firms’ incentives to update job-specific technology (rather than destroying it). By magnifying the impact of growth on employment, the introduction of human capital issues allows the model to more closely match the estimated sensitivity of unemployment with respect to growth. When calibrated, the model manages to reproduce the aggregate capitalization effect estimated using OECD data. We find that growth reduces unemployment for individuals receiving training, while it increases the unemployment rate of unskilled workers without training (creative destruction effect).

Keywords: growth; unemployment; training; capital-skill complementarity; human capital depreciation; capitalization; creative destruction effect (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J23 J24 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 41 pages
Date: 2012-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-fdg, nep-hrm, nep-lab and nep-lma
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (11)

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