Effects of Bilateralism and the MFN Clause on International Trade – Evidence for the Cobden-Chevalier Network, (1860-1875)
No 209, CQE Working Papers from Center for Quantitative Economics (CQE), University of Muenster
This study contributes to a revised picture of nineteenth-century bilateralism. Employing a new disaggregated dataset, it argues that bilateral treaties did not implement general free trade, but instead reduced tariffs unevenly through commodity-specific preferences, especially favoring manufactured goods. Gravity model estimates show that specific liberalizations translated into systematic increases in exports of corresponding items, but not overall trade. Exporters of countries whose governments used bilateralism strategically to bring down partner tariffs benefitted most. Hence, the network in form and outcome is more properly identified with reciprocal liberalization practiced by the French than with British free trade ideology.
Keywords: preferential trade agreements; Anglo-French treaty; bilateralism; liberalisation; gravity model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N73 F13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 42 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his and nep-int
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https://www.wiwi.uni-muenster.de/cqe/sites/cqe/files/CQE_Paper/CQE_WP_2_2009.pdf Version of February, 2009 (application/pdf)
Journal Article: Effects of Bilateralism and the MFN Clause on International Trade: Evidence for the Cobden-Chevalier Network, 1860-1875 (2009)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cqe:wpaper:0209
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