Does Central Europe Import the Missing Women Phenomenon?
Alexander Stimpfle and
CREMA Working Paper Series from Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA)
We examine whether immigrants have brought the missing women phenomenon to Germany and Switzerland. Using a range of micro data since 1990, we find no systematic gender selection of foreigners collectively, but a group of Balkan, Chinese and Indian immigrants display comparatively high sex ratios at birth. Employing different estimation methods we consistently calculate around 1,500 missing girls in Germany (2003-2014) and Switzerland (1990-2014) combined from these selected Balkan and Asian immigrant groups. A Germany-specific measure of cultural adaptation has no substantial effect on the level of son preference, and Swiss-specific data indicate a skewed ratio for fourth parity births. With household survey data we attempt to identify underlying reasons for son preference in Germany, but find no robust associations for any socio-economic variable employed. However, the sex of older siblings tends to matter, and again Balkan, Chinese and Indian immigrants increase the boy-birth likelihood whereas immigrants collectively do not.
Keywords: Missing Women; Sex Ratio at Birth; Son Preference; Migration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J11 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cra:wpaper:2016-04
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