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The rates matter! Assessing the credibility of international corporate tax rate harmonization via cooperative game theory

Alexandre Chirat () and Guillaume Sekli ()
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Alexandre Chirat: Université Paris Ouest Nanterre - EconomiX

No 2021-04, Working Papers from CRESE

Abstract: This article uses the main tools of cooperative game theory, the core of a game and the Shapley value, to tackle the challenge posed by corporate tax harmonization in order to fight profit shifting. More specifically, these tools are applied to provide a counterfactual evaluation and to assess the credibility of Saez and Zucman (2019) proposal to establish a minimum rate at 25% at the G7/G20 level. Based on the empirical data of Tørsløv et al. (2020), our main results are the following. First, at the G7 level, the more countries involved in the agreement, the more efficient it would be. Second, stability of cooperation at the G7 level can be achieved without giving up fairness consideration in the distribution of the surplus. We then extend our application to the G20 and show that these results do not hold anymore. Third, from this case, we conclude that not only the target rate matters in the perspective of international tax cooperation, but also the numbers of participants and their current effective rates.

Keywords: International taxation; Tax cooperation; Profit shifting; Tax havens; Shapley value (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C71 E62 F42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27 pages
Date: 2021-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-acc, nep-gth, nep-mac and nep-pub
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