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On the paradox of mediocracy

Qiang Fu (), Ming Li and Xue Qiao ()
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Qiang Fu: National University of Singapore, https://www.qiangfueconomics.net/

No 20003, Working Papers from Concordia University, Department of Economics

Abstract: We consider a two-agent hierarchical organization with a leader and a manager in a reputation-signaling model. The manager proposes an innovative but risky projectto the leader, and decides whether to exert an effort to improve the value of the project, which benefi ts the organization. The leader decides whether to endorse the project or block it. The leader's competence is her private information, and the market updates its belief about the leader's type based on observation of her action (endorsing the project or blocking it) and its outcome. In equilibrium, the leader could behave excessively conservatively when she is subject to reputation concerns. We have two main fi ndings. First, aside from its usual distortionary effects, the leader's reputation concern has a benefi cial effect by inducing the manager to supply productive effort and improves the organization's performance. Second, there exists a non-monotonic relationship between the perceived competence of the leader and the performance ofthe organization. As a result, a paradox of mediocracy emerges: The organization may benefi t from a seemingly mediocre leader, as a mediocre leader motivates the manager to exert effort, which offsets the efficiency loss due to incorrect decisions.

Keywords: Leadership; Meritocracy; Organizational Performance; Reputation Concerns; Managerial Effort (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C72 D23 D72 D82 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 44 pages
Date: 2018-08, Revised 2020-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hrm, nep-mic, nep-ore, nep-ppm and nep-sea
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