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Inter-Jurisdictional Competition for Firms: Jobs as Vehicles for Redistribution

Robin Boadway (), Katherine Cuff () and Nicolas Marceau ()

No 85, Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers from CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal

Abstract: A model is built in which regions with redistributive goals compete to attract mobile firms that provide jobs to their work forces. Regions are inhabited with an immobile population of disabled and able individuals. The aim of each regional government is to provide support for the disabled, who cannot work. Able individuals may work, be involuntary unemployed because of frictions in the regional labour market, or choose to be voluntary unemployed. A region's redistributive policies affect the labour participation choice of able individuals thereby determining the size of its labour force. The size of the regional workforce, together with the possible taxation of firms, make a region more or less attractive to firms. A key finding is that allowing regions to engage in tax competition may be efficient. If regions cannot tax firms, they will compete by implementing inefficient redistributive policies.

Nous considérons un monde dans lequel des régions en concurrence et ayant des objectifs redistributifs tentent d'attirer des firmes pouvant fournir des emplois à leur population active. Les régions sont peupléees d'individus immobiles et qui sont aptes ou inaptes au travail. L'objectif de chaque gouvernement régional est d'aider ceux qui sont inaptes au travail. Ceux qui sont aptes au travail peuvent trouver un emploi, être involontairement en chômage à cause de frictions sur le marché du travail régional ou être volontairement en chômage. Les politiques redistributives ont un impact sur les choix de participation des individus aptes au travail, déterminant par le fait même la taille de la population active d'une région. La taille de sa population active, de même que le niveau des taxes qu'elle impose aux firmes, font qu'une région est plus ou moins attirante pour les firmes. Nous montrons qu'il peut être efficace de permettre à des régions en concurrence de taxer les firmes. Si les régions ne peuvent taxer les firmes, elles se concurrenceront en choisissant de mettre en place des politiques redistributives inefficaces.

Keywords: Inter-Jurisdictional Competitition; Redistributive Policies; Unemployment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H2 H7 J6 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 33 pages
Date: 1999-05, Revised 1999-07
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

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