EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Trade Liberalization, Firm Performance and Labor Market Outcomes in the Developing World What Can We Learn From Micro-Level Data?

Paolo Epifani ()

No 138, KITeS Working Papers from KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy

Abstract: We review the micro-level evidence on the effects of trade and investment liberalization in the developing world. The main findings can be summarized as follows. 1) There is evidence of trade-induced productivity gains; 2) These gains mainly stem from the intra-industry real-location of resources among firms with different productivity levels and: 3) they are larger in import competing sectors; 4) There is no evidence of significant scale efficiency gains. Indeed, unilateral trade liberalization is often associated with a reduced scale efficiency; 5) There is evidence of a pro-competitive effect of trade liberalization; 6) There is no evidence either of learning-by-exporting effects or of beneficial spillover effects from foreign owned to local firms; 7) There is evidence of skill upgrading induced either by technology imports, or by trade-induced reallocations of market shares in favor of plants with higher skill-intensity; 8) There is no evidence of trade-induced increases in labor demand elasticities; 9) There is no evidence of substantial employment contraction in import competing sectors.

Keywords: Plant-level evidence; Firm heterogeneity; Productivity growth; Scale efficiency; Technology transfer; Wage inequality; Labor demand elasticity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2002-11, Revised 2003-02
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (23) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
ftp://ftp.unibocconi.it/pub/RePEc/cri/papers/WP138Epifani.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Trade liberalization, Firm Performances and Labor Market Outcomes in the Developing World, what Can We Learn From Micro-Level Data? (2003) Downloads
Working Paper: Trade liberalization, firm performance, and labor market outcomes in the developing world: what can we learn from micro-level data? (2003) Downloads
Working Paper: Trade Liberalization, Firm Performance and Labour Market Outcomes in the Developing World: What Can We Learn from Micro-LevelData? (2002) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cri:cespri:wp138

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
E G E A - via R. Sarfatti, 25 - 20136 Milano -Italy

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in KITeS Working Papers from KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy via Sarfatti, 25 - 20136 Milano - Italy.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Valerio Sterzi (). This e-mail address is bad, please contact .

 
Page updated 2019-07-22
Handle: RePEc:cri:cespri:wp138