Trade Liberalization, Firm Performance and Labor Market Outcomes in the Developing World What Can We Learn From Micro-Level Data?
Paolo Epifani ()
No 138, KITeS Working Papers from KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy
We review the micro-level evidence on the effects of trade and investment liberalization in the developing world. The main findings can be summarized as follows. 1) There is evidence of trade-induced productivity gains; 2) These gains mainly stem from the intra-industry real-location of resources among firms with different productivity levels and: 3) they are larger in import competing sectors; 4) There is no evidence of significant scale efficiency gains. Indeed, unilateral trade liberalization is often associated with a reduced scale efficiency; 5) There is evidence of a pro-competitive effect of trade liberalization; 6) There is no evidence either of learning-by-exporting effects or of beneficial spillover effects from foreign owned to local firms; 7) There is evidence of skill upgrading induced either by technology imports, or by trade-induced reallocations of market shares in favor of plants with higher skill-intensity; 8) There is no evidence of trade-induced increases in labor demand elasticities; 9) There is no evidence of substantial employment contraction in import competing sectors.
Keywords: Plant-level evidence; Firm heterogeneity; Productivity growth; Scale efficiency; Technology transfer; Wage inequality; Labor demand elasticity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2002-11, Revised 2003-02
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Journal Article: Trade liberalization, Firm Performances and Labor Market Outcomes in the Developing World, what Can We Learn From Micro-Level Data? (2003)
Working Paper: Trade liberalization, firm performance, and labor market outcomes in the developing world: what can we learn from micro-level data? (2003)
Working Paper: Trade Liberalization, Firm Performance and Labour Market Outcomes in the Developing World: What Can We Learn from Micro-LevelData? (2002)
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