EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Wages, Skills and International Integration in Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic: An Industry-Level Analysis

Rosario Crino ()

No 160, KITeS Working Papers from KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy

Abstract: This paper analyzes the manufacturing sector of Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic between 1993 and 2001 and provides a set of stylized facts concerning the changes occurred in the skill composition of the workforce and in the earning structure by skills on one hand, and in trade flows and foreign presence through direct investment (FDI) on the other. All the three countries have experienced sharp increases in earning inequality, which have interested almost all manufacturing industries; relative skilled-employment has, instead, decreased in almost all Hungarian and Czech industrial branches, while showing the opposite trend in the Polish counterparts. At the same time, the three countries have reoriented and expanded their trade flows, and modified the merchandise composition of both exports and imports in favour of high-tech and capital-intensive sectors and against more traditional industries. Foreign Direct Investment has acquired progressively more importance in the three economies and the high-tech sector -as well as the chemicals and the machineries- have significantly gained relevance on total stocks. Correlation analysis comes in favour of a prevalently vertical nature of multinationals enterprises; moreover, trade flows are in general negatively correlated with relative wages and employment, whereas the sign of the relation between FDI and earning inequality is clearly positive only in Poland.

Keywords: wages; skills; international integration; correlations. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J31 F16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2004-07, Revised 2004-07
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
ftp://ftp.unibocconi.it/pub/RePEc/cri/papers/WP160Crino.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cri:cespri:wp160

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
E G E A - via R. Sarfatti, 25 - 20136 Milano -Italy

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in KITeS Working Papers from KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy via Sarfatti, 25 - 20136 Milano - Italy.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Valerio Sterzi (). This e-mail address is bad, please contact .

 
Page updated 2019-11-09
Handle: RePEc:cri:cespri:wp160