Knowledge diffusion from university and public research. A comparison between US, Japan and Europe using patent citations
Emanuele Bacchiocchi () and
Fabio Montobbio ()
No 193, KITeS Working Papers from KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy
This paper estimates the process of diffusion and decay of knowledge from university, public laboratories and corporate patents in six countries and tests the differences across countries and across technological fields using data from the European Patent Office. It finds that university and public research patents are more cited relatively to companies’ patents. However these results are mainly driven by the Chemical, and Drugs & Medical fields and US universities. In Europe and Japan, where the great majority of patents from public reserach comes from national agencies, there is no evidence of a superior fertility of university and public laboratories patents vis `a vis corporate patents. The distribution of the citations lags shows that knowledge embedded in university and public research patents tends to diffuse more rapidly relatively to corporate ones in particular in US, Germany, France and Japan.
Keywords: University patents; Citations; Spillovers; Knowledge Diffusion; Public Research. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O30 O33 O34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eec, nep-ino, nep-ipr, nep-pr~, nep-knm and nep-soc
Date: 2006-12, Revised 2006-12
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Journal Article: Knowledge diffusion from university and public research. A comparison between US, Japan and Europe using patent citations (2009)
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