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Fuzzy Changes-in-Changes

Clément de Chaisemartin and Xavier D'Haultfoeuille

No 2014-18, Working Papers from Center for Research in Economics and Statistics

Abstract: The changes-in-changes model extends the widely used difference-in-differences to situations where outcomes may evolve heterogeneously. Contrary to difference-in-differences, this model is invariant to the scaling of the outcome. This paper develops an instrumental variable changes-in-changes model, to allow for situations in which perfect control and treatment groups cannot be defined, so that some units may be treated in the "control group", while some units may remain untreated in the "treatment group". This is the case for instance with repeated cross sections, if the treatment is not tied to a strict rule. Under a mild strengthening of the changes-in-changes model, treatment effects in a population of compliers are point identified when the treatment rate does not change in the control group, and partially identified otherwise. We show that simple plug-in estimators of treatment effects are asymptotically normal and that the bootstrap is valid. Finally, we use our results to reanalyze findings in Field (2007) and Duflo (2001).

Keywords: differences-in-differences; changes-in-changes; imperfect compliance; instrumental variables; quantile treatment effects; partial identification (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 C23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 33
Date: 2014-06
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed

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Related works:
Working Paper: Fuzzy Differences-in-Differences (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Fuzzy Changes-in Changes (2014) Downloads
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