Children of the Reunification: Gendered Effects on Intergenerational Mobility in Germany
Sander Wagner ()
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Sander Wagner: CREST; ENSAE; Université Paris Saclay
No 2017-03, Working Papers from Center for Research in Economics and Statistics
Reunified Germany presents an interesting test case for testing intergenerational transmission of opportunity from a gendered perspective. Former Eastern Germany used to have a much higher female labour force participation and more gender egalitarian institutions. We use the German Socio-Economic Panel to look at the effects of mothers and fathers education on both sons and daughters income in postreunification Germany. Further we explore the extent to which effects on child income are moderated via child’s education and whether the strength of transmission displays non-linearities across the income distribution. It is shown that educational moderation matters more for Western Germany and that nonlinearities are stronger in father-son transmissions. Gendered transmission differs between East and West in a way that is coherent with the different roles of women.
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