EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Live aid revisited: long-term impacts of the 1984 Ethiopian famine on children

Stefan Dercon and Catherine Porter

No 2010-39, CSAE Working Paper Series from Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford

Abstract: In 1984, the world was shocked at the scale of a famine in Ethiopia that caused over half a million deaths, making it one of the worst in recent history. The mortality impacts are clearly significant. But what of the survivors? This paper provides the first estimates the long-term impact of the famine twenty years later, on the height of young adults aged 17–25 who experienced this severe shock in-utero and as infants during the crisis. Improving methodologically on other studies, famine intensity is measured at the household level, while impacts are assessed using a difference-indifferences comparison across siblings. We find that by adulthood, affected children who were under the age of 36 months at the peak of the crisis are significantly shorter than the older cohort, by at least 3cm. They are also less likely to have completed primary school, and more likely to have experienced recent illness. Indicative calculations show that this may lead to income losses of between 3% and 8% per year over their lifetime. The evidence also suggests that the relief operations at the time made little difference.

Keywords: Famine; human development; Ethiopia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 J13 O12 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr and nep-his
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (17)

Downloads: (external link)
https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:99547e11-17f1-432d-a7ee-2c4c46929def (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: LIVE AID REVISITED: LONG-TERM IMPACTS OF THE 1984 ETHIOPIAN FAMINE ON CHILDREN (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Live aid revisited: long-term impacts of the 1984 Ethiopian famine on children (2012) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:csa:wpaper:2010-39

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in CSAE Working Paper Series from Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Julia Coffey ().

 
Page updated 2024-04-11
Handle: RePEc:csa:wpaper:2010-39