Two Blades of Grass: The Impact of the Green Revolution
Douglas Gollin (),
Casper Hansen () and
Asger Wingender ()
No 2016-30, CSAE Working Paper Series from Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford
We examine the impact of the Green Revolution, defined as the discusion of high-yielding crop varieties (HYVs), on aggregate economic outcomes in developing countries during the second half of the 20th century. We use time variation in the development and discusion of HYVs of 10 major crops, and the spatial variation in agro-climatically suitability for growing them, to identify the causal effects of adoption. In a sample of 84 counties, we estimate that a 10 percentage points increase in HYV adoption increases GDP per capita by about 15 percent. This effect is fully accounted for by a combination of the direct effect on crop yields, factor adjustment in agriculture, and structural transformation. Our analysis also reveals that the Green Revolution reduced fertility and that the reduction was only partly ofset by decreasing mortality rates. The net effect on population growth was therefore negative.
Keywords: Green Revolution; High Yielding Variety Crops; Productivity Shock; Macroeconomic Development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N50 O11 O13 O50 Q16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-env and nep-gro
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Working Paper: Two Blades of Grass: The Impact of the Green Revolution (2018)
Working Paper: Two Blades of Grass: The Impact of the Green Revolution (2016)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:csa:wpaper:2016-30
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in CSAE Working Paper Series from Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Julia Coffey ().