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The relation between typologies of executive and technological performances of nations

Mario Coccia ()
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Mario Coccia: CNR-IRCRES, National Research Council, Research Institute on Sustainable Economic Growth, Turin, Italy ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY, Center for Social Dynamics & Complexity, Arizona, http://www.ircres.cnr.it/index.php/en/

IRCrES Working Paper from Research Institute on Sustainable Economic Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY - former Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY

Abstract: The general determinants of socioeconomic and technological performance are of profound interest in social and political sciences to understand the historical developmental paths of nations. The vast literature has suggested several approaches to explain the differences of technological performances among nations, such as the varieties of capitalism’s theory of innovation argues that a dissimilar behaviour of political institutions is a principal driver of differences in national innovative behaviour. However, in the varieties of capitalism and other frameworks, the notion of state power and the relation between typologies of executive, technological and socioeconomic performances of countries are generally absent. The present study confronts these problem and endeavours of analyzing the nexus (relation) between leadership-oriented executives, technological and socioeconomic performances of nations. Results show that high levels of technological performance of nations seem to be associated to executive with parliamentary monarchy and monarchy (leadership-oriented government), whereas nations with mixed executive tend to have lower performances. A possible reason of these results is that, in general, some typologies of executive leadership-oriented (e.g., Monarchy) support the political stability of countries with subsequent fruitful socioeconomic developmental paths over the long run. In short, the study here shows the vital role of the structure of government in national systems of innovation and in particular how leadershiporiented executives can support socioeconomic performances of countries. Overall, then, the structure of executives might be one of contributing factors to explain dissimilar patterns of technological innovation and economic growth of nations over time.

Keywords: Varieties of Capitalism; Technological Performance; Leadership; Executive; Government; Technology; Socioeconomic Performance; Political Stability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O11 P16 P51 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ino
Date: 2017-02
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