TAX CONSOLIDATION AND THE STRUCTURE OF CORPORATE GROUPS: EVIDENCE FROM THE JAPANESE TAX REFORM 2002
Asia Pacific Economic Papers from Australia-Japan Research Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University
A consolidated filing of corporate income tax may induce firms to manipulate ownership interests in subsidiaries but no study has systematically examined such behavioral responses. This paper examines empirically inclusions/exclusions of subsidiaries to/from consolidation groups in a quasi-experiment that utilizes the Japanese tax reform of 2002. The identification of tax effects is based on a difference-in-difference strategy that exploits disincentives to consolidate subsidiaries with losses carried forward. The data consists of 37,000-40,000 subsidiary-time observations spanning biennially over 1988-2006. The result shows that losses carried forward significantly reduced the propensity to include subsidiaries to consolidation groups. No evidence on tax-motivated exclusion is found. This result suggests that the forced consolidation regime is preferable.
JEL-codes: G34 H25 K34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 50 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-acc and nep-pbe
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:csg:ajrcau:394
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