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Railroad expansion and entrepreneurship: Evidence from Meiji Japan

John Tang

AJRC Working Papers from Australia-Japan Research Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University

Abstract: Railroads in Meiji Japan are credited with facilitating factor mobility as well as access to human and financial capital, but the impact on firms is unclear. Using a newly developed firm-level dataset and a difference-in-differences model that exploits the temporal and spatial variation of railroad expansion, I assess the relationship between railways and firm activity across Japan. Results indicate that railroad expansion corresponded with increased firm activity, particularly in manufacturing, although this effect is mitigated in less populous regions. These findings are consistent with industrial agglomeration in areas with larger markets and earlier development among both new and existing establishments.

JEL-codes: L26 N75 O53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 32 pages
Date: 2013
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-cse, nep-ent, nep-his, nep-tre and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3)

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https://crawford.anu.edu.au/pdf/ajrc/wpapers/2013/201302.pdf (application/pdf)

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