Economics at your fingertips  

Value Added Exports and U.S. Local Labor Markets: Does China Really Matter?

Leilei Shen () and Peri Silva ()

No 373, Development Working Papers from Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano

Abstract: Measuring the effects of international trade on labor market outcomes has never been more im-portant given the increasing interconnections among economies around the globe. However, using measures of exposure to trade flows based on gross exports may lead to a misleading picture given that production processes have essentially become globalized, allowing firms to have access to im-ported inputs as an example. We consider the effects of international trade by building a model with firm heterogeneity where firms have the ability to offshore the production of inputs. Our model highlights that international trade offers an opportunity for firms to become more productive by en-gaging in o ff-shoring activities while they face competition from imports of final goods in the do-mestic market. We then construct a measure of U.S. exposure to Chinese goods using value added trade to analyze its effects on U.S. local labor markets. Using value added trade, we find that con-tinuously rising exports from China to the U.S. do not have significant effects on employment and wages. We further decompose the measure of exposure into value added trade in intermediate and in final goods. In line with the theoretical framework, we find that an increase in value added ex-ports from China in final goods leads to a decrease in employment across U.S. local labor markets, while the effects from a change in the exposure to trade in intermediate goods are not significant.

Keywords: Value added exports; employment; wages (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 54
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna and nep-int
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (9)

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Value-added exports and U.S. local labor markets: Does China really matter? (2018) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Development Working Papers from Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Chiara Elli ().

Page updated 2024-05-21
Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:373